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Cold War rivals US and Soviet Union met in space in 1975
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 17 Jul 2018,Tuesday
On July 17, 1975, US spacecraft Apollo 18 and Soviet Union's Soyuz 19 docked in space to create history. During the 44-hour Apollo-Soyuz rendezvous, astronauts and cosmonauts conducted experiments, shared meals, and held a joint news conference. A NASA astronaut later said, "If the Soviet Union and America could work together in space, they could work together on the Earth."
short by Gaurav Shroff / 11:31 am on 17 Jul
Who was Georges Lemaître, founder of modern Big Bang theory?
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 17 Jul 2018,Tuesday
Born on July 17, 1894, Belgian astronomer Georges Lemaître is regarded as the founder of the modern Big Bang theory, which says the observable universe began with an explosion of a single particle. Based on Einstein's theory of general relativity, Lemaître also proposed the universe is expanding, which was observationally confirmed in 1929 by Edwin Hubble and named Hubble's Law.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 10:12 am on 17 Jul
IIT-M unveils ₹40-cr microscope to view atoms of a material
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 17 Jul 2018,Tuesday
IIT Madras has commissioned the world's first remotely operated Local Electrode Atom Probe (LEAP), which can provide a 3D atom-by-atom view of a material. The ₹40-crore instrument is funded by Department of Science and Technology and India's top eight research institutes including IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, and IIT Kanpur. LEAP will have applications in automobiles, energy and transportation sector.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 02:41 pm on 17 Jul
Video: Tribal man living alone for 22 years in Amazon forest
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 21 Jul 2018,Saturday
A video footage of an indigenous man in his 50s, whose tribe members were murdered 22 years ago in Brazil's Amazon forests, has gone viral. Dubbed the "world's loneliest man", he is seen cutting a tree with an axe. Brazilian government has been monitoring the man since 1996 to prove he's alive and renew land restriction orders to protect him.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 03:55 pm on 21 Jul
NASA may have observed star consuming a planet for 1st time
short by Dishant Sharma / on 20 Jul 2018,Friday
Scientists believe that NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory may have, for the first time ever, observed a parent star consuming the debris of nearby planets that got destroyed. The parent star, which is roughly 450 light-years from Earth, is believed to have begun consuming the remnant debris following the collision of two nearby planetary bodies.
short by Dishant Sharma / 11:37 am on 20 Jul
Seaweed drifts 20,000 km to reach 'isolated' Antarctica: Study
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 17 Jul 2018,Tuesday
Researchers led by Australian National University have found the first proof that Antarctica is not isolated from the rest of the Earth, with the discovery of foreign seaweed that drifted 20,000 kilometres to reach there. Researchers suggested such biological rafts could be used by plants and animals to populate the icy continent as soon as the local environment becomes hospitable.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 03:44 pm on 17 Jul
Neil Armstrong's son puts Moon landing artefacts up for sale
short by Dishant Sharma / on 21 Jul 2018,Saturday
Artefacts collected by Neil Armstrong, the first person to walk on the Moon, from the Apollo 11 mission are set to be auctioned off by his son Mark. The artefacts include a US flag, a United Nations flag, state flags, medallions and the original camera that recorded Armstrong's moonwalk. Notably, July 20 was the Moon landing's 49th anniversary.
short by Dishant Sharma / 10:22 am on 21 Jul
Earth's latest phase named Meghalayan Age after Indian state
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Jul 2018,Thursday
The most recent age in Earth's 4.54-billion-year history started 4,200 years ago and has been named the Meghalayan Age, after the Indian state. The designation comes after the discovery of a stalagmite rock in Meghalaya's Mawmluh cave. The rock's chemical signature indicated a substantial weakening monsoon, making it the first official marker of a geological time period change in India.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 04:24 pm on 19 Jul
How will NASA's Solar Probe 'touch' the Sun without melting?
short by Dishant Sharma / on 21 Jul 2018,Saturday
Launching this year, NASA's Parker Solar Probe is set to go within 6.4 million kilometres of the Sun's surface. It will feature a shield made of two superheated carbon-carbon composite boards to provide protection from heat. Further, the components of the Solar Probe have high melting points, as temperatures of the shield are expected to go as high as 1,370ºC.
short by Dishant Sharma / 09:33 am on 21 Jul
12 new moons discovered around Jupiter; 1 likely to collide
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Jul 2018,Wednesday
American astronomers have discovered 12 new moons around Jupiter, where one of them is on a collision course which could create a crash large enough to be visible from Earth. This brings the total number of Jovian moons to 79, the most for any planet. Researchers made the discovery while hunting for a ninth planet beyond the orbit of Neptune.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 09:33 am on 18 Jul
Quadrillion tons of diamonds hidden inside Earth: MIT study
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 17 Jul 2018,Tuesday
An MIT study has found that 1-2% of Earth's oldest mantle rocks are made from diamond, which amounts to a quadrillion tons of the precious mineral in the planet's interior. Scientists estimate the diamonds are buried over 100 miles below, deeper than any drilling expedition has ever reached. The discovery was made after scientists found an anomaly in seismic data.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 09:40 pm on 17 Jul
Bread that predates agriculture by 4,000 years discovered
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 17 Jul 2018,Tuesday
Researchers have discovered the remains of a flatbread baked by hunter-gatherers 14,400 years ago in Jordan. It is the oldest known direct evidence of bread, predating the advent of agriculture by at least 4,000 years. The researchers suggest that bread production based on wild cereals may have encouraged cereal cultivation, and contributed to the agricultural revolution in the Neolithic period.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 11:59 am on 17 Jul
India's 'smallest baby' weighed 375 grams at birth
short by Daisy Mowke / on 20 Jul 2018,Friday
Four-month-old Cherry, reportedly the smallest surviving baby in India and South East Asia, weighed 375 grams at the time of her birth in Hyderabad. She was the size of a palm at the time of birth and was born nearly four months earlier than the expected date. Cherry, who weighs 2.4 kilograms now, was discharged from the hospital last week.
short by Daisy Mowke / 01:26 pm on 20 Jul
First baby snake fossil found in 105-million-year-old amber
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 20 Jul 2018,Friday
Researchers led by University of Alberta, Canada have discovered the first-ever snake embryo, preserved in 105-million-year-old amber. "This snake is linked to ancient snakes from Argentina, Africa, India and Australia," said lead author Michael Caldwell, adding the amber casing gave "the first definitive evidence of a fossil snake living in a forest" with numerous insects and plants.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 11:27 am on 20 Jul
Neil Armstrong’s NASA application was a week late
short by Dishant Sharma / on 20 Jul 2018,Friday
Neil Armstrong's NASA application to become an astronaut had reached a week later than the deadline of June 1, 1962. It was secretly put in the pile of applications by one of his former colleagues. Armstrong was later selected for Apollo 11 mission becoming the first person to walk on the Moon, after the spaceflight landed on July 20, 1969.
short by Dishant Sharma / 11:48 am on 20 Jul
An asteroid is named after an Intel chip
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Jul 2018,Wednesday
American chipmaker Intel, which was founded 50 years ago in California on July 18, has an asteroid named after its 8080 microprocessor. In 1987, France's CERGA Observatory named a Caussols main-belt asteroid "8080 Intel" in honour of the 1974 invention, which was the first 8-bit processor and soon became industry standard. Interestingly, Intel's Santa Clara phone number ends with 8080.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 03:03 pm on 18 Jul
Scientists create world's fastest spinning man-made object
short by Dishant Sharma / on 22 Jul 2018,Sunday
Scientists have created the world's fastest spinning object, a tiny dumbbell-shaped nanoparticle made from silica, that spins at rates close to 60 billion rotations per second. The scientists made the dumbbell spin by levitating it using a laser. The discovery will help scientists study things like quantum mechanics and the properties of vacuum like vacuum friction and gravity.
short by Dishant Sharma / 08:34 am on 22 Jul
Clearest view of Milky Way's centre captured
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 17 Jul 2018,Tuesday
South Africa-based MeerKAT radio telescope, which was inaugurated last week, took the clearest view yet of the Milky Way's centre, which contains the galaxy's largest black hole, weighing about four million solar masses. Lying behind Sagittarius constellation, the region 25,000 light-years away from Earth is covered by clouds of gas and dust, making it invisible while using ordinary telescopes.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 04:53 pm on 17 Jul
Indian-American's find reverses wrinkles, hair loss in aged mice
short by Dishant Sharma / on 22 Jul 2018,Sunday
Indian-American scientist Keshav Singh and his team have managed to reverse the age-associated skin wrinkles and hair loss in mice. The team found that skin wrinkles and hair loss created by an induced mutation can be reversed by turning off the gene responsible for mitochondrial dysfunction, a kind of cellular atrophy caused by ageing.
short by Dishant Sharma / 09:41 am on 22 Jul
Buzz Aldrin once punched a man for calling Moon landing hoax
short by Dishant Sharma / on 20 Jul 2018,Friday
The second man to walk on the Moon, Buzz Aldrin, once punched a conspiracy theorist for claiming that the first-ever Moon landing was fake. The man had asked the former NASA astronaut to "swear on the Bible" about walking on the Moon. Aldrin was part of the Apollo 11 crew, that landed on the Moon on July 20, 1969.
short by Dishant Sharma / 12:58 pm on 20 Jul
1st astronauts on moon filled customs form on return to Earth
short by Dishant Sharma / on 20 Jul 2018,Friday
Astronauts aboard Apollo 11, which landed on the moon on July 20, 1969, filled out customs forms, a standard procedure for international travellers, on returning from their mission. Their place of departure was listed as "moon" and the astronauts declared "moon rocks" as cargo. Crew member Buzz Aldrin also shared a photograph of the signed form in a Twitter post.
short by Dishant Sharma / 11:07 am on 20 Jul
Volcano creates new island off the coast of Hawaii
short by Nandini Sinha / on 17 Jul 2018,Tuesday
Lava flowing from the Kilauea volcano has created a small new island off the coast of Hawaii, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) said. The new island is located north of the Kapoho ocean entry on the Big Island of Hawaii. Kilauea volcano has been spewing out gas and molten rock ever since it erupted in May.
short by Nandini Sinha / 08:29 pm on 17 Jul
IIT-D makes silk-based hair follicle to avoid animal testing
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 17 Jul 2018,Tuesday
In a first, IIT Delhi researchers have developed a silk-based hydrogel that emulates human hair growth, and may help screen drugs for treating hair loss without animal tests. Researcher Sourabh Ghosh said physiological differences amongst animals and humans drastically limit the success of such drugs, which prompted the need for 3D in-vitro model of hair follicle using human cells.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 02:54 pm on 17 Jul
9th endangered rhino dead after moving to new park in Kenya
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Jul 2018,Wednesday
A ninth 'critically endangered' black rhino has been reported dead after a failed operation to move the animals to a new reserve in southern Kenya. Eight rhinos were initially reported dead by officials, following last month's attempt to transfer 11 animals from Nairobi and Lake Nakuru national parks. Preliminary reports suggest that their cause of death was drinking "saline water".
short by Gaurav Shroff / 10:00 am on 18 Jul
Armstrong, Aldrin stayed on Moon for 21.5 hours after landing
short by Dishant Sharma / on 21 Jul 2018,Saturday
Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin stayed on the Moon's surface for around 21.5 hours after stepping on the lunar surface on July 21, 1969. Michael Collins, the mission's third astronaut, orbited the Moon alone in 'Columbia' for that duration. During each orbit, Collins experienced 48 minutes of zero contact with Earth while crossing the dark side of the Moon.
short by Dishant Sharma / 03:53 pm on 21 Jul
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